Ultraviolet Protection for Your Eyes
That is why it is critical to take precautions against the negative effects of overexposure on a daily basis and utilize UV protection for your eyes!
One Day Can Still Cause Havoc
Photokeratitis is likely if your eyes are exposed to excessive amounts of UV radiation in a short period of time.
Photokeratitis, also known as “sunburn of the eye,” can be painful, with symptoms such as red eyes, a foreign body sensation or gritty feeling in the eyes, extreme sensitivity to light, and excessive tearing.
Fortunately, these symptoms are usually transient and rarely result in permanent eye damage.
Excessive Exposure Overtime
The longer the eyes are exposed to solar radiation, the more likely it is that they will develop cataracts, eye cancer, pterygium (surfer’s eye), or macular degeneration later in life.
It is unclear how much solar radiation exposure will cause harm.
Wear a wide-brimmed hat and quality sunglasses with UV protection whenever you spend time outside.
Sunglasses Should Provide Complete UV Protection for Your Eyes
Here’s what to shop for:
- V-A and UV-B radiation are completely blocked.
- 75% to 90% of visible light is blocked out.
- Have color-matched lenses that are free of distortion and imperfections.
- Gray lenses are recommended for proper color recognition.
If you do potentially hazardous outdoor work or sports, your sunglass lenses should be made of polycarbonate or Trivex ®. These lenses have the highest impact resistance. If you spend a lot of time outside in direct sunlight, consider wearing wraparound frames to protect yourself from harmful solar radiation. Don’t forget about children and teenagers. They usually spend more time outside than adults. Additionally, certain contact lenses can provide additional UV protection.
UV Eye Protection is Essential
UV light from artificial sources such as welding machines, tanning beds, and lasers can also cause serious eye health problems.
Talk to your doctor of optometry about any indoor risks, as well as your outdoor activities in all seasons, as part of your annual comprehensive eye exam, so that your level of UV exposure can be assessed and the appropriate UV absorbing glasses and/or contact lenses prescribed for your individual needs and ongoing protection.
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Source: American Optometry Association